Invasion of Eniwetok Island 18 February 1944

On 18 February 1944, the Amphibious Force under Rear Admiral Harry W. Hill landed troops on Engebi Island, Eniwetok, securing the island before the end of the day. Eniwetok Island was secured on the 21st , with Parry Island secured on the 22nd. The remaining smaller islands of the Atoll were secured on the 23rd.

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Atoll, February 1944. Marines and Coast Guardsmen proudly display a Japanese flag, picked up by one of the them during the capture of Engebi Island, Eniwetok Atoll, 19 February 1944. Note bullet holes in the flag and helmet camouflage on one Marine. Photographed by Coast Guard. National Archives photograph, 80-G-216033.

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Operation, February 1944. LVTs of the initial assault waves approach Engebi Island, Eniwetok Atoll on “D-Day”, 18 February 1944. Note heavy smoke rising from the well-bombed island. National Archives photograph, 80-G-216216.

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Operation, February 1944. Weary Marines take time out of coffee after two days and nights of fighting on Eniwetok Atoll. Photographed on board a Coast Guard manned transport of the invasion fleet, circa 20-24 February 1944. U.S. Coast Guard Photograph, 26-G-3345, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Operation, February 1944. Initial waves of U.S. Landing Craft approach Engebi Island, Eniwetok Atoll on “D-Day,” 18 February 1944. The island is still smoking from the pre-invasion bombardment, which has left it heavily cratered. National Archives photograph, 80-G-216213.

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands. Marines of the 2nd Regiment prepare to advance on Japanese 400 yards up the beach on Eniwetok Island at the south end of Eniwetok Atoll on 19-22 February 1944. Marine is left center is armed with a flame thrower. National Archives photograph, 80-G-216022.

 

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Atoll, February 1944. The U.S. Flag is raised on Eniwetok Island at the south end of Eniwetok Atoll, after three days of combat, 22 February 1944. In center (left to right), saluting the colors are run up, are: Rear Admiral Harry W. Hill, USN, Task Force Commander; Brigadier General Thomas E. Watson, USMC, Ground Forces Commander; And Colonel Russell G. Ayers, USA, commanding troops on the island. National Archives photograph, 80-G-216038.

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Operation, February 1944. Three Marines man a machine gun position near a Japanese dugout on one of the islands of Eniwetok Atoll, ready to knock out snipers, 18-22 February 1944. An SBD Bomber is passing overhead. National Archives photograph, 80-G-216218.

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Operation, February 1944. Two Marines take cover behind the body of a Japanese soldier, during fighting on Parry Island, Eniwetok Atoll, 22-23 February 1944. The helmet of a third Marine is just visible in the left center distance. Taken by a Coast Guard photographer whose camera was later destroyed when he was blown into a foxhole by a Japanese mortar shell explosion. National Archives photograph, 80-G-216607.

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands. Two Marines watch a freshly blasted enemy position ready to shoot any Japanese who emerge, on Parry Island, Eniwetok Atoll, 22-23 February 1944. Taken by a Coast Guard Photographer whose camera was later destroyed when a Japanese mortar shell explosion blew him into a foxhole. National Archives photograph: 80-G-216611.

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Operation, February 1944. M-4 “Sherman” Tanks move across Engebi Island’s Northern End, during the last stages of fighting on the island, 18 February 1944. Photographed from a USS Chenango (CVE 28) plane. Note burned-out Japanese aircraft on the airfield, fires still burning at left and amphibious shipping in the distance. National Archives photograph, 80-G-218611.

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Operation, February 1944. Burned-out Japanese aircraft on the northern part of Engebi Island’s airfield. Photographed from a USS Chenango (CVE 28) plane on 18 February 1944. These planes appear to be Mitsubishi G4M “Betty” Bombers. National Archives photograph, 80-G-218626.

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands. A USAAF B-24 bomber flies low over the air field as construction work continues in the foreground shortly after the U.S. captured the island in February 1944. Other B-24s are parked in the distance. National Archives photograph, 80-G-K-1690 (Color).

 

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands. Bulldozer at work on the airfield soon after the island’s capture, February 1944. National Archives photograph, 80-G-K-1692 (color).

 

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands. Seabees lower “Hercules Powder” explosives over the side of an LCVP, during construction of the island airfield, soon after its capture in February 1944. LCVP is from USS Cambria (APA 36). National Archives photograph 80-G-K-1696

Eniwetok

Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands. Blasting near shore by Seabees, during construction activities on the Eniwetok airfield, 23 June 1944. Note mobile crane. National Archives photograph: 80-G-K-1697 (Color

 

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